Tag: young adult (page 1 of 2)

Een geest met meerdere betekenissen

De moderne generatie kent een ongekende druk om met bloedspoed te communiceren, anders wordt je een buitenbeentje. De ergste ziekte op aarde. Althans, volgens Geest van Daan Remmerts de Vries.

Communicatie is belangrijker dan ooit. Tenminste, zo lijkt het als je naar social media kijkt. Hele dagen sturen mensen elkaar berichtjes, filmpjes, foto’s, en dergelijken. De vraag is echter of we er nou echt “socialer” van worden.

In Geest gaat Daan Remmerts de Vries die discussie aan. Jochem is een puber anno 2017, niet weg te slaan bij zijn mobiele telefoon en computer. Hij speelt Pokemon Go in het Vondelpark, Snapchat een eind weg, en spendeert meer tijd aan games dan aan zijn huiswerk. Als dat ineens allemaal wegvalt stort zijn wereld onder zijn voeten in elkaar. En juist dat maakt het boek zo interessant. Want wat zou er gebeuren als je ineens niet meer online kan zijn waar en wanneer je maar wilt? En moet de wereld serieus gaan nadenken over het bestaan van de social media verslaving?

Op dezelfde toon die jongeren gebruiken legt Remmerts de Vries de vergaande gevolgen van het gebruik van sociale media vast in een meeslepend kinderboek. Als je echter niet tegen de spreektaal en de tone of voice van jongeren kan, kun je dit boek beter laten liggen.

Indien je geen problemen hebt met het taalgebruik van de gemiddelde (hang)jongere, dan is Geest een aanrader voor iedereen die zich in de moderne wereld begeeft. Want hoe wordt je een geest? Door van de aardbodem te verdwijnen, of door op te gaan in de anonieme menigte, of door geen eigen identiteit meer te hebben? De titel van het boek lijkt in de eerste instantie te slaan op een bijnaam, maar draagt al snel meerdere betekenissen. Betekenissen die gedurende het verhaal zich verder ontplooit steeds duidelijker worden. Jochem heeft een reis af te leggen, letterlijk en figuurlijk, en je maakt elke stap onderweg met hem mee.

HELP!!! Mijn ouders hebben mij ontvoerd naar een plek waar ik geen bereik heb! Waar mijn telefoon het niet meer doet! Dit mogen dan de Highlands zijn, naar een lager lever kun je niet zinken…

Op Jochems middelbare school in het hart van Amsterdam is een leven zonder social media en internet ondenkbaar. Als zijn ouders besluiten te emigreren naar een afgelegen gebied in Schotland, zonder bereik en internet, raakt hij dan ook totaal in paniek. Kun je overleven aan het (wifi-loze) uiteinde van de wereld…?

Daan Remmerts de Vries. Geest / Querido / 9789045120935 

The YA-phenomenon: the love-triangle…

Young Adult books are a genre that is sometimes overlooked by bookstores, by readers, and by criticists. However, people seem to misunderstand the influcence they have on readers. And there is one phenomenon that appears in YA books more than any other: the love triangle.

Romeo and Juliet on the balcony

Romeo and Juliet on the balcony

Try to go back to your teenage years (even if you are trying to forget them) and maybe you remember how much books could influence you. Well, that influence has only increased with the invention of the love triangle, and the connected idea that having a relationship is extremely important.

Let’s start at the beginning, because I’m talking about love triangles as if they are something new. Guess what? They are not… Even the classic Wuthering Height has a love triangle in it. And probably the most well known triangle at the moment are those from Twilight and The Hunger Games.

So what exactly is a ‘love triangle’? A love triangle is a relationship, often romantic but not necessarily, involving three people. The concept implies some sort of relationship between all three people involved. However, in books it is more often like this:Naamloos

While I can’t imagine being part in such a complicated mess, I got a lot of hits when I googled the concept. Several of them were websites on how to deal with being stuck in a triangle yourself… Do people really get tangled in such things, or do they just think they do? Because a lot of young adults, especially girls, believe a love triangle is the best thing that can happen to you. And this can be traced back to popular YA-fiction, in which this actually happens.

Reality vs. fiction
While creating a love triangle in a story is easy, it is not very realistic. I mean, how often do you see guys really fighting over a girl, or girls really clawing each others eyes out for a guy? I’ve seen girls become total bitches towards each other, but that could have had many reasons. Some writers will argue that ‘it just happened’, an argument I could see as relevant if I did not write a lot myself and I know that you can always sort such messes out before they happen!

Realism vs. fiction on the concept of relationships is an issue when it comes to YA-fiction, according to professor Maria Nikolajeva. For example, there is the much debated Twilight saga. I admit that I loved the books, but in my defence: I was 14! However, when I reread them recently, I felt chills going down my spine (and not the good kind). The most important aspect of the book is the love triangle of Bella, Edward, and Jacob. When they are seperated, Bella loses all personality as if she is nobody without a man by her side. Nikolajeva states that Bella is a very dark personification of the independent and personal development of young women, and I must agree with her. According to the professor, this lack of a personal character could have bad influence on the young readers if they identify themselves with the characters in the book. If the character has to dedicate her life to having a relationship, so must the reader. It is a grim view but it might have some truth.

Till death do us apart. Photo credit: Hamed Saber via Foter.com / CC BY

Till death do us apart. Photo credit: Hamed Saber via Foter.com / CC BY

The whole ‘identifying yourself with a character of the book’ is not as strange as it sounds. Brainresearch done by Washington University shows that when reading about certain actions, parts of the brain are activated. And while your brain is registering, your mind does the rest. Ohio State University conducted a psychological study about copying-behaviour. The result? Psychologist discovered that people are prone to adopt the behaviour of characters they identify strongly with. This is mostly done subconsciously, meaning that you don’t even know that you are copying a fictional character!

That last thing can be dangerous, as this would mean that you are not even aware of the fact you change while reading.

Love triangles
So back to the concept of the love triangle. You read a book (I will not name names!), in which the main character has people swooning all over him/her. Suddenly, it seems very normal that that would happen to you to. And when it doesn’t, you become depressed? Don’t go all Romeo and Juliet on us!
While this whole concept is not normal at all, it does happen from time to time. Because of this, a lot of writers argue that a story should reflect parts of the real human experience, and that love triangles should not be taken so lightly in fiction.  Love stories should not be banned, as they can spice up a book, but they should be more realistic. They should also not be banned as they are, in basic, not dangerous at all. The tricky part is to not become too involved, to keep your own identity and just enjoy the story instead of building your own identity around it. Especially young readers are vulnerable to this idea.

So, are teenage-readers really that easily influenced by books? And are love triangles reason for concern? Love triangles in YA-fiction, are in basic completely harmless (although very, very annoying). However, there is a catch based on the involvement of yourself in the story. Of course you can be sad if something happened to your favorite character, but becoming entirely depressed about it is something COMPLETELY different! Keep in mind that it is just a book, and that fictional characters are rarely limited by the real world. If they want to grow wings and fly, they can. But last time I checked, such things do not happen in real life. So the concept of only being someone when you have a relationship, is also just nog part of daily life. Remember that!

Percy Jackson tells about the Greek gods.

Ever wonder about the myths of the ancient Greeks, but never the interest to listen to teachers or pick up a book written in ancient times? If you love pure sarcasm, there is now a version that tells you exactly how the Greek gods came to be, without the use of the most dramatic English (or Greek) you have ever read. Percy Jackson tells you all about it in this last segment of the series.

9780141355207[1]The rule of the Olympian Gods, presented inruins of great temples like the one on the Acropolis in Athens, did not start easy. The Greeks not only knew their way around tragedies, murder, blood and other horrific stories, they loved their drama as well. The Titans ruled after overthrowing the primordial gods (read: their dad), and the Olympians ruled after overthrowing the Titans (again: their dad). Love, drama, pain and suffering pass the stage in Percy Jackson and the Greek Gods. Not much happiness, but bucket loads of sarcasm though.

The Percy Jackson-series gained their fame with five books written by Rick Riordan. And after those five, a spin-off with another five (Heroes of Olympus) followed. So if your kid loves tales of heroism and adventures with a dash of myths and history? Give him/her this and you’ll be set for at least the next three years of presents (this includes birthdays, Christmas and passing on to the next schoolgrade). This book is only the latest segment of the series and tells the stories of the twelve Olympian gods. Their birth, their rise to power and how they got their place on their thrones. Since most history books don’t attract much attention with kids, this book was written that it is fun to read. Riordan’s tone is highly sarcastic but you do learn something. It is officially a Young Adult/childrens book, but as a grown up (well… sort off grown up) I can highly recommend it to history-lovers who just want to read something different for a change. Just prepare everyone around you for a load of sarcasm as soon as you put it down.

Percy Jackson and the Greek Gods
If you like horror shows, bloodbaths, lying, stealing, backstabbing and cannibalism, then read on . . .

Who could tell the true stories of the gods of Olympus better than modern-day demigod?

In this whirlwind tour of Greek mythology, Percy Jackson gives his personal take on the gods and goddesses of Ancient Greece – and reveals the truth about how they came to rule the world.

Rick Riordan. Percy Jackson and the Greek Gods / Puffin / 97801413552

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