Tag: Archaeology (page 1 of 3)

The Atlas of Ancient Rome is a new standard work

Dear archaeologists, dear colleagues, take a year off work and lock yourself into your house. We have a new standard work to read and it is called: The Atlas of Ancient Rome.

As soon as this book came into the store, I was practically drooling over it. Hundreds of pages, with essays, with information, filled with pictures, with detailed drawings, and with seemingly endless maps. Twenty years of work, that’s how long it took to build an atlas that focused on one city. A city of which most has been wiped from the face of the earth and yet, thanks to continuous efforts and new computer software, we know a great deal more then you would expect.

During many excavations, the remains of several ancient buildings that were once part of the ancient city of Rome were found and documented. This resulted in some semi-concrete ideas on what the city might have looked at, but nothing has ever been set in stone. In the last 20 years, professor and archeologist Andrea Carandini has set it upon himself to change that. This resulted in the existence of The Atlas of Ancient Rome, in which the expert has collected essays, drawings, pictures, and computer generated of all things Roman in the city. And with this, he created a monumental book for a monumental city.

Walk around in ancient Rome, by following detailed maps and watching elaborate pictures and drawings. From residential neighborhoods and gardens, to walls, roads, aqueducts, and sewers, all the way back to social infrastructure in a city that was once the centre of the world. This book tells all to everyone, the archaeologist as well as the amateur, the professor and the curious mind. Everyone who has ever been interested in the Romans, will enjoy this new standard work. The only thing is that you practically need a seperate bookshelf to store it on.

The Atlas of Ancient Rome
The Atlas of Ancient Rome provides a comprehensive archaeological survey of the city of Rome from prehistory to the early medieval period. Lavishly illustrated throughout with full-color maps, drawings, photos, and 3D reconstructions, this magnificent two-volume slipcased edition features the latest discoveries and scholarship, with new descriptions of more than 500 monuments, including the Sanctuary of Vesta, the domus Augusti, and the Mausoleum of Augustus. It is destined to become the standard reference for scholars, students, and anyone interested in the history of the city of Rome.

Andrea Carandini. The Atlas of Ancient Rome / Princeton University Press/ 9780691163475 

Trix in Nicaragua

Trix’ Travels was created with full cooperation of Trix the cat. She has been perfectly safe and lazy during the entire process that will now be posted every other Saturday. This weeks stop: Nicaragua.

We have traveled half the world by now, which is a bit of a confusing thought. I always thought the world was bigger, a lot bigger, and traveling it would take years. But because of modern transport it is only taking us several months, which is a rather odd idea.

As we are traveling the entire world, meeting new people, seeing different cultures, and eating a lot of strange (but often yummy) food, I started wondering about the people who lived in these countries in the past. Were they different from modern humans? I know that the ancient people of Egypt, where we were not too long ago, used to honour cats but they don’t do that anymore. And I also know that they used to build castles in Europe, but those aren’t made anymore either. So humans must have changed over time. Normally I wouldn’t even bother to think about such things, but now they are starting to fascinate me although I am not quite sure why.
But because I was wondering about the ancient peoples of the world, I wondered if we could go to even more museums like when we went to the huge building where lions used to fight in Rome, or that really old buidling in Istanbul, or even live in the ancient style of the people as we did while traveling by dog sled in Canada.

I think the human is getting better at understanding me, because she took me to a site where a lot of people were digging in the dirt. At first I thought she misunderstood me, that she thought I had to go to the bathroom, but then she explained to me that these people were archaeologists that were connected to the same university as where she studied. And that they were trying to dig up remains of the ancient peoples of this land. It sounded really cool and fascinating and I wanted to help, but I also don’t really like to get my paws dirty. So in the end I just acted as their new mascot, but that is okay. Dogs are made for working, cats are made for looking good and being worshipped.

Trix wants to help study the past. Background: Universiteit Leiden

The archaeologist in the proper clothes


The morning fog has not lifted yet, keeping the black earth in its grasp just a bit longer while I stare at my feet. The dirt I’m standing on is blotchy from different kinds of soil mixed together by an earlier force. Possibly a shovel, or bigger machinery when the road was built. While I crack my brain about whether or not it was machinery, meaning the dirt came from elsewhere than this area, cars are speeding past me. The result is a low buzzing sound that tries to get my attention but I’m still too sleepy to notice.

The first thing to do is throwing cans and other garbage out of our trenches. During the past night, multiple of these things have found their ways out of passing cars and into our excavation. When working next to the highway, there is a high possibility that trash will come flying at you while working. The drivers on the road can barely see us. We’re located a little below the road, with large piles of dug up earth between us and the actual asphalt.
I stretch my back and observe the walls of my ditch. I’m not even able to look over them because of my limited height! As this results in a limited view, I decide to look at the sky. It is clear weather and the blue sky promises a nice warm day.
Working next to the highway also forces us to wear safety helmets, which are not unnecessary when garbage comes flying at you at non-specific times, and bright orange workclothes. I pick up my shovel and start to scrape up centimeters of dirt at the time. I feel like humming, and wish I had some chain-gang-songs to keep myself into a rythm. Working 6 to 8 would work as well. But my ditch does not have any wifi, so there is no Youtube to listen to.

While the clothes are made to protect us, the only thing they do right now is keep us warm. A bit too warm. Suddenly I hear a thunk. An empty can of Cola falls into my ditch, the last drops of the sugary drink spills on my clothes. It reminds me again why proper clothing is absolutely necessary.

The archaeologist playing with lego


“Yeah, so my 24 year old daughter is playing with Lego’s.” My mom makes it sound so… childish. So let me rephrase it in a better way: “My daughter who is an archaeologist is rebuilding the site where she was last summer with Lego’s.” That sounds so much better actually. “And after she is done with that, she is building a tiny museum to see what a proper setting would be for possible exhibitions.”


Some archaeological sites require modelling to have a proper look at them. Modelling is a job that requires an eye for detail, whether it is done with supplies to do model building, by computer, or (in my case) with Lego’s. Building models is quite essential to archaeology, as it could help theories whether or not some buildings could have been built in certain proportions, or to calculate the size of a site. However, when modelling archaeological sites purely for fun, Lego has proved to be a very helpful source of equipment. The tiny plastic blocks have actually proved so succesful that the largest historical model built with Lego, a complete reproduction of the city of Pompeii, is currently on display in a museum. And that is only one of the many reproductions, as there are also complete models of the Colosseum, the Acropolis, and even part of Hadrian’s Wall. The results look amazing, and actually quite lifelike. A bit like a an impressionistic painting in 3D.

So as you can see, it is not that weird for a young archaeologist to play with Lego and it is actually very entertaining. Creating, breaking down, creating again, considering endless possibilities in a way that many museums cannot. With Lego you can truly ‘just try it out’, without spending millions of euros. So why not see what the possibilities of a museum could be by just moving pieces, tearing down walls, and starting all over again the next day? Walk around the mummies, tapestries, and other neat little trinkets that are even smaller than usual as they are in fact very fake, very plastic, and very Danish. Lego doesn’t state their age limit is 99+ for nothing.



The archaeologist and the museum

This month, the Rijksmuseum of Oudheden will finally again be fully opened to the public as the Egypt-exhibit will finally be renovated. To satisfy the first thirst for knowledge, the public has been able to see the brand new Greek floor and the first contemporary exhibits since december 2015. We talk to curator Ruurd Halbertsma about these brand new floors that many of us have enjoyed in their old, and their new state.

The new permanent Greek exhibit shows the broad range of the Greek influencei n the world (RMO, Mike Bink)

The new permanent Greek exhibit shows the broad range of the Greek influencei n the world (RMO, Mike Bink)

The Greek-exhibit opened its doors again in December 2015, and now the first temporary exhibits are open to the public. Are you satisfied with the renovation?

“I am very satisfied. This renovation has been a process that took around four years to finish, and when I heard that we would be renovating the whole building I asked myself: What would I really want to do with the museum? To answer that question I went back to the Greeks and the way they looked and dealt with art. That brought me to Aristotle, who looked at art as a philosopher but also as a biologist. He considered the possibility of art to let people feel enthusiasm and even ecstasy by the concept of ritmos, in which art has a certain flow. You could see it as a combination between surprises and moments of peace.”

Was the renovation needed? Were you searching for a more timeless or more youthful approach?

“Actually, we went back to the roots of the museum. Daily life is already filled with screens and constant sources of information, so we decided to keep all that technology out of the exhibits. We do have an audio-tour but there are no interactive components in the exhibitions. Now, the object is the central point of your visit.”

“Another problem was that we had asbestos in the walls, which every old building has. So when the renovations started, it took seven months to remove it. That gave us possibilities to start all over. And now we have a large open space for temporary exhibits while all the permanent exhibits are located around the central stairs.”

The new permanent exhibit, Classical World, has a brand new room and it’s blue. Why blue?

“We wanted a colour that would do justice to the sculptures. And blue is a colour that is associated with Greece, with the blue sky and the sea. So it is purely an aesthetic choice.”

The statues are the main focus point of the new exhibit, but they are not protected by glass or anything. Are you not afraid they might get damaged by kids?

“Our statues have never been behind glass or anything, and we have never had any problems with damages or children touching them. People respect these artefacts, and just in case something might happen there are always guards to keep an eye on them.”

The statue of Hecate (RMO)

The statue of Hecate (RMO)

What is your favourite piece in the exhibit?

“That is a difficult question, but if I had to choose I would say the statue of Hecate. It is the piece that is featured on the new poster. Hecate was created in the golden age of the Greek-styled sculptures, but the one we have is a Roman reproduction which shows the impact of the Greeks on other cultures. Another important aspect is that the Hecate was part of the collection of Rubens, and the piece was also part of the first museum when it was still located in the Hortus. So the Hecate features the history of this museum, as well as the history of Greek art.”

The Egypt exhibit is still being renovated, what happened to all the artefacts that were on display?

“Our Egypt collection is around 10.000 pieces large, although not all of these are on display in the museum. To store such a large amount of pieces, you would need an incredibly large depot especially if you were to store the large sculptures and the mummies. That depot would need temperature-controlled rooms, guards, everything a museum would have actually. To store it that way would cost an incredible amount of money, and therefore we did not do it. We loaned our collection to the museum of Bologna, where the pieces are on display until they can return to the renovated wing here.”

What is the new plan for the Egypt-exhibit?

“From what I know there will be a more thematic story, and less artefacts on display. That way the story will be more clear, and the objects will be displayed in a more accessible way.”

Male portret from Cyprus (RMO)

Male portret from Cyprus (RMO)

With the museum now almost done, what kind of special things are waiting in the coming study-year?

“The Egypt-exhibit reopens in October with the First Ladies of Egypt-exhibit, and we also want to renovate the Provincial Roman exhibit. We will never be done with changing and perfecting things in this museum, but this large renovation was very much needed. We hadn’t changed the permanent exhibits since 2000.”

“If we would ever have more space, I would like to see an exhibit on the history of archaeology as a science, and on archaeology as a ‘collection-profession’. But that would be a plan for the future in the most ideal way.”

Can we expect any temporary exhibits on cities as Palmyra, with all the destruction going on right now?

“We will be having an exhibition on Nineveh, which has also been partly destroyed during the war in Syria and Iraq. This exhibit will be done in cooperation with the Louvre, the British Museum, and the museum of Bagdad and it will be purely about archaeology and not about the war. We do not want to be silent about these cities and the destruction going on there, but we also do not want to give the attackers more and more attention because that is exactly what they want. So when doing exhibits like Petra, on cities like Palmyra that is a bit of a problem right now.”

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